A survey study concerning dry port concept, intermodal transport and environmental impacts of transport.
Dry port concept is seen as a possibility with many advantages and disadvantages.
One interesting benefit is that road transport companies can follow driving and resting time regulations more easily with dry port implemented transportation system, because road-driving distances become shorter with the dry port concept. One main disadvantage is that transportation system gets more complex with implemented dry ports.
According to the results of the questionnaire research, environmental impacts are increasing their role in road transportation companies´ strategies. Some of the respondent companies take decreasing environmental impacts into account with considerable respect, while majority of the companies have not yet focused on green values at all. It is though clear that in practice every company will increase their attention towards reducing external costs (e.g. different emissions, accidents, noise, congestion). In addition, respondent companies believe that green values are
important to some of their customers.
The whole report: http://kuivasatama.fi/files/download/Research_Report_230.pdf
• Financial and Environmental Impacts of a Dry Port to Support Two Major Finnish Seaports
Aim of this research was to find out if a dry port solution could decrease costs of transport, especially external costs. Dry port concept is an intermodal transport system, where inland transport between seaport and dry port is performed by rail transport instead of traditional road transport. In addition, dry ports offer similar services as seaports.
Results of the literature review are that rail transport is environmentally friendlier mode of transport than road transport. In addition, cost-efficiency of the transport system can be decreased by increasing proportion of rail transport. A cost model was created to compare internal and external costs of both the road and rail transport.
According to the cost model, rail transport is more inexpensive mode of transport in external and internal costs. In addition, a simulation model was created to compare conventional road transport and dry port implemented transport.
Results of the model are that if only costs of freight movement are considered, the dry port implemented transport is environmentally friendlier and more cost-efficient. Results of gravitational
models are that city of Kouvola is in a good position to be a dry port if only Finnish inland distribution is considered. Russian transit traffic through Finland improves location of Kouvola to be a dry port.