The shipping industry is one of the main contributors to the bad environmental situation within the Baltic Sea .However, there are several steps being undertaken to make sea transport more environmentally friendly and to reduce its disadvantageous influence on the Baltic Sea´s ecosystem. One of these is the reduction requirements of NOx and SOx emissions for shipping.The new environmental regulations are a great challenge not only for the shipping industry but also for ports.
The International Maritime Organization has adopted regulations that will increase the energy efficiency of new ships. The fuel consumption of new ships will decrease and carbon dioxide emissions from ships will be reduced. The newly passed regulations have been in preparation for several years.
Amending the « Sulphur Directive » on Baltic Sea, in alignment with IMO, defining Global and SECA standards, for example SECA standard planned:
» 1% by 31.12.2014 and
» 0.1% as from 1.1.2015.
When seeking cost-effective emission reduction measures, operators should consider every technical, regulatory and operational requirement. On the technical side, there are three main solutions for ECA compliance in 2015; low sulphur fuel, HFO with exhaust gas scrubbers, or the ship can be fuelled by LNG.
Decision by the IMO will reduce carbon dioxide emissions from shipping
More information: International Maritime Organization (IMO)
• Commission staff working paper: Pollutant emission reduction from maritime transport and the sustainable waterborne transport toolbox: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/transport/pdf/ships/sec_2011_1052.pdf
• Report by TransBaltic, about consequences for Baltic ports resulting
from the upcoming rules: http://www.transbaltic.eu/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/TransBaltic-Report-Future-environmental-regulations-and-Baltic-seaports.pdf